Gaura Parva: A Unique Cultural Celebration in Sudurpaschim Nepal

The rich cultural tapestry of Nepal comes to life through its diverse festivals and traditions. Among these, Gaura Parva shines as a vibrant gem, celebrated with enthusiasm and fervor in the Sudurpaschim province. In this article, we’ll take a delightful journey into the heart of Gaura Parva, uncovering its significance, rituals, and the sense of community it fosters.

The Vibrant Essence of Gaura Parva

Gaura Parva stands as a testament to the unique blend of religion and culture in Sudurpaschim. This festival carries the authentic identity of the region and provides a glimpse into the lives of its people.

gaura festival

Unveiling the Origins

Rooted in mythology, Gaura Parva is dedicated to Goddess Gaura Devi, an incarnation of Shaktiswarupa Parvati, who symbolizes divine feminine energy. This festival is celebrated during the month of Gaura Bhadra, aligning with the auspicious rise of the Agasti star.

Ujyali Gaura and Anyari Gaura

On the base, the Gaura belonging to the Bhadra Shukla aspect is called Ujyaali gaura, while the gaura belonging to the Krishna aspect is called Anyari gaura. Ujyaali Gaura is said to be auspicious, fruitful, and good from the point of view of religious significance.

Women’s Festival

Gaura festival is predominantly a women’s festival. Married women play a significant role, bringing twined threads as offerings, reminiscent of the men’s sacrifices.

The Preparations

The festival kicks off after the fast of Putrada Ekadashi. Women engage in a week-long preparation period, mixing grains and creating an atmosphere of devotion.


Biruda Panchami: The Beginning

Biruda Panchami marks the commencement of Gaura Parba. Women make offerings and prepare soaked grains, known as Biruda, which are integral to the festivities. (The collection of the five grains including wheat, peas, and black gram is known as Biruda).

Saptami Tithi: Honoring Gaura

Saptami Tithi is a day of fasting for women. The evening sees the creation of Gaura idols, which are placed in pots made of Bamboo wood, symbolizing the presence of Maheshwar alongside Gaura.

Saptami thread is worn on the day of Saptami, while in some places, after worshiping Shiva Parvati in Gora Khala (place) on Ashtami, it is customary to wear double thread and should not wear the idol of Gaura Maheshwar on the head.

Athawali: A Journey Through Mythology

Athawali, a series of songs, encapsulates the life of Gaurameheshwar and celebrates their divine union. This part of the festival brings storytelling and art to the forefront.

It is also believed that by throwing fruit, two men hold the four corners and throw the biruda, fruit, janai, and supari, which are regularly offered to Gaura Devi, in a clean cloth. The Gaura festival, which has a rich cultural, and musical significance and saga, is a unique heritage and identity of the Far West. Which has exposed the folk culture, manners, and civilization of that region.

Celebratory Games and Prayers

Gaura Parba is also a time of communal celebrations. Men engage in traditional games like Dhusko, Dhamari, Chait, and Deuda, offering a harmonious blend of entertainment and spirituality.

Gora Selaune: The Grand Finale

The culmination of Gaura Parba is marked by Gaura Selaune. Gaura Maheshwar, along with the sense of togetherness, returns to its designated place, concluding the festival with joy and reverence.

In this festival, remembering the love and marriage of Shiva and Parvati, for five days, women and men express the glory of God in different languages, the joys and sorrows that have happened in their lives by adding rhythm to the folk language. When starting Gaura, it must be started from Biruda Panchami, while keeping the tradition of plucking fruits during immersion, immersion is done with a promise to welcome the next year with the same joy.

Cultural Identity and Social Harmony

Gaura Parba showcases the distinct cultural identity of Sudurpaschim and underscores the importance of unity within the community. The festival bridges generations and fosters harmony.

A Festival of Women’s Empowerment

Gaura Parba grants women the privilege of reciting Vedic mantras and participating in rituals traditionally reserved for men. This empowerment is a remarkable aspect of the festival.

The Modern Touch

In contemporary times, Gaura Parba has evolved while retaining its essence. The practice of sending Gaura Biruda Prasad via various means, including photos, reflects the adaptability of tradition.

Embracing Gaura Parva

As Gaura Parba approaches, anticipation fills the air. People eagerly shop for new clothes, and those away from home return to partake in the festivities, sharing Biruda Prasad and cherished moments.

Gaura Parva fills women with new vigor and enthusiasm during this time of leisure, when they get some rest from the agricultural work of June and August in the village. It is customary for the Bratalus of Gaura to wear new clothes compulsorily.

The Enduring Legacy

Gaura Parva embodies the very soul of Sudurpaschim. Beyond its religious significance, it weaves a captivating narrative of culture, history, and unity, making it a cherished celebration.

An Invitation to Discover

Gaura Parva beckons one and all to experience the magic of Sudurpaschim’s cultural tapestry. It’s not just a festival, it’s a journey into the heart of Nepal’s rich heritage.


Gaura Parva is more than a festival; it’s a vibrant embodiment of Nepal’s cultural richness and community spirit. Rooted in mythology and celebrated with joy, this festival exemplifies the harmonious blend of tradition and modernity. As we immerse ourselves in the rituals and stories of Gaura Parva, we find ourselves enchanted by the unique tapestry that makes up Nepal’s Sudurpaschim province.


What is the significance of Gaura Parva in Nepal’s Sudurpaschim province?

Gaura Parva holds immense cultural and religious importance in Sudurpaschim, celebrating Goddess Gaura Devi and fostering unity within the community.

Why is Gaura Parva predominantly celebrated by women?

Gaura Parva’s rituals and traditions are primarily carried out by married women, who play a pivotal role in the festival’s observance.

How has Gaura Parva evolved over time?

While Gaura Parva’s essence remains unchanged, contemporary practices, such as sending Biruda Prasad through various means, showcase its adaptability to modern life.

What role does mythology play in Gaura Parva?

Mythology weaves a captivating narrative during Gaura Parva, with Athawali songs recounting the life of Gaurameheshwar and adding depth to the festival’s celebration.

What does Gaura Parva teach us about Nepali culture?

Gaura Parva offers a window into Nepal’s cultural diversity, highlighting the unique customs, rituals, and community bonding that define the Sudurpaschim province.

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